Siamese Breed Characteristics

by Sarah Daley

This is a copy of a report on Siamese cats for an assignment I did. Enjoy.

The breed of cat I have chose is Siamese. Siamese cat lives up to 13 - 14 years but it is not unknown for them to live up to the age of 20. Siamese cats avaerage weight it 3-7kgs and their height is generally 20cm with a length of 60cm. The Siamese breed has a special personality with attitude, they have their own particular nature and a temperment unlike to other breeds of cats. This breed is not a quiet cat, they are very talkative with a loud voice that communicates their varied emotions, from gruntles to yowls. They are famous for their long and loud conversations with their human companion. Siamese are graceful cats with a elegant walk. Siamese also have clumsy side and when a shameful moment happens their personailty shines. Their loving and loyal temperment contributes to the strong bonds they form with their owner. The most well known characteristic of a Siamese is their colouring, there are four different colours but all siamese cats have the creamy coloured boy and dark points (ears, face, paws, tail). The four Siamese cat colours are; Seal Points - have very dark seal brown points, Chocolate Points - have lighter milk chocolate points, Blue Points - have slate-grey-blue points and Lilac Points - the palest of them all with a pick toned pale 'frosty' grey. Originally Siamese were Seal Point, the other colours were genetically a dillution of Seal Point and were at first considered 'inferior' Seal Points therefore did not qualify for breeding. They were eventually accepted and became more common. Siamese cats have a playful and itellegent disposition which requires constant attention and stimulation. Active homes are best suited with plenty of toys, cat scratchers and cat furniture to climb and play. They are generally tolerant of dogs, other pets and children however even though they are quite socialable they can be wary of strangers. The personality and inherited make-up of a cat should be considered when finding a suitable cat. The Siamese breed is known for their vocal abilities and cat chatter which much more than the typical 'meows' you expect a cat to make. So they wouldnt be suitable for someone wanting a quiet pet but more so for someone wanting a intelligent, loving and talkative cat you can have conversations with. They will happily live in any size home however inside cats need to be allowed to run and play throughout the house. Siamese dont cope being left alone all day by themselves so if this were to be the case another cat (preferably Siamese also) would be ideal to keep each other company also this will help stimulate their minds and prevent behaviour problems due to being bored and alone inside all day. They are very affectionate cats that love attention from humans. Siamese are active cats that would be suitable for someone who enjoys spending alot of time with their pet. When it comes to nutrition for cats meat should always be the main ingredient in any food. They are true carnivores so without the protein in meat they will have nutritional deficiencys that causing the cat to become sick. Kittens should be fed four times a day to meet their growing needs, adult cats should be fed twice a day. A feeding schedule of one meal in the morning and one evening meal works well, the first meal ideally could be dry food and the evening meal a meat based meal. A well balanced diet is essential to achieve nutritional requirements and the food should be of good quiality. Suitable foods are; dry food, wet food, meat. Siamese dont usually require any special diets and are not prone to becoming overweight like other breeds of cats, you could even leave dry food out for your cat to free feed as they rarely tend to overeat. Fresh water must always be provided in a area easily accessable. Basic training for any cat begins with litter tray training as soon as the cat is bought home. Siamese cats have a natural instinct for using their litter tray and shouldnt need much more training then showing them the litter tray a few times. It is important to keep the litter clean or you cat may avoid using it. Correcting misbehaviour is only effective with cats when you catch them in the act. Water spray bottles are a effective method in corecting behaviour. Siamese respond well to positive reinforcement, rewards to encourage behaviours is another effective training method. Siamese are good at learning tricks and its possible to even to train them to walk with a harness, this is useful if you want them to have a outdoor life as they can safely get used to the garden before letting them out on their own. Vaccinations are administered by a Veterarian at a clinic, kittens will need three vaccinations at 4, 6 and 14 weeks before they can safely go outside or be around other animals. Adult cats require an annual vaccination for life. Desexing all cats is reccomened at 6 months, this not only reduces unwanted pregnacy but prevents cats from night prowling and fighting. Heartworm infections are spread by mosquitoes and can affect cats. A monthly spot on is available to prevent heartworms in cats, prevention can start anytime before 16 weeks. Worms are a common cause of ill health. Roundworms, tapeworms and hookworms are the most common to affect cats. Kittens should be wormed at 2,4,6,8 and 12 weeks, then every 3 months for life with an allwormer. Heartworm and worming prevention medication can be administered at home however you should see a Veterarian to discuss the correct dosage and best type to use. Siamese cats have a short smooth so grooming isnt a big requirement. They look after their coat very well and do a good job of keeping themselves clean. If required you can give them the occasional bath using cat shampoo. Brushing isnt needed often however it helps with shedding and can help with circulation plus the cat will enjoy the attention. Enrichment will keep your cat happy and provide stimulation which is vital for good health. Some tools for enriching can be toys, food puzzles, cat scratchers and cat furniture to climb. Rotating cat toys will keep them exciting and they wont lose appeal. Food puzzles are little containers with holes in it and food inside of them, they are very stimulating. Spending time outside in the garden can really enrich an indoor cats life but if that is not possible you can grow a little patch of grass inside for chewing and open a window to let the sun shine down on an area the cat can lay. Showing them love and attention with cuddles is very enriching for cats and helps to bond with eachother. Siamese can be housed indoors but they will need to be able to run and play. They also enjoy the outdoors and should be allowed to go outside to whether to relax or play, harness can be used with Siamese cats until they are used to their surroundings. Cat scratchers are a important piece of equipment to provide to a cat. Scratching is essential to a cat, it keeps their claws healthy and is also a way to stretch. Siamese are active cats so climbing furniture or cat tunnels are entertaining equipment that provides enrichment especially to an indoor cat. Siamese cats do not have any specific excercise needs. They get natural excercise from climbing trees, running around and playing. Scratching posts and climbing furniture provide cats excercise inside the house as well as plently of toys to play with. Bringing my report on Siamese cats to a conclusion I've added some interesting history facts: The actual origins of the Siamese have been lost but manuscripts from the acient capital of Siam(Thailand) record the native cats. The Siamese made its debut in Europe in 1871 at London's Crystal Palace Show and was publicized as the Royal Cat of Siam (Thailand). In 1879 the first US Siamese cat was flown from Bangkok as a gift for the presidents wife.

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